English name: chamomile

Persian name: بابونه

Scientific name: Matricaria recutita

Arabic name:  بابونج (قراص)

French name: Flower de camomille

German name: Kamille

Common name : Matricaria flowers, Wild chamomile, Hungarian Chamomile, Chamomile

Synonymous name : Matricaria chamomilla

Family name: Compositae (Enamel family)


Chamomile is an annual plant up to 40 cm high that grows in many places. Chamomile stems have many branches that lead to capitols up to 2 cm in diameter. Capitol has two types of tongue flowers in white and tube in yellow, which are placed on the side and in the middle of Nahanj, respectively. Chamomile leaves have many and narrow cuts. The part of the plant used is its capitols, which are collected in spring and summer. Despite the fact that the plant grows by itself, it is widely cultivated in the world due to its high use. This plant grows in different parts of Iran, including Lorestan, Khuzestan and Tehran province.

Historical history of chamomile consumption:

Chamomile has been of interest since the time of the Romans due to its medicinal properties and has been used in traditional treatments as an antispasmodic and pain reliever to treat digestive diseases and rheumatism. Chamomile tea has been used to treat parasitic worm infections. Chamomile is also used as a softener in hair color, and chamomile essential oil is also used in cigarette tobacco. Chamomile is used for washing, wounds and softening necrotic and granulated tissues of hardened tissues. According to reports, chamomile has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, astringent and deodorizing properties. Different products of this plant are used to treat vomiting, colic, flatulence and cysts.

  • Principle
  • Protein
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fat
  • Calori
  • Value/100g
  • 0
  • 0.2
  • 0
  • 1
  • Unit
  • g
  • g
  • g
  • Kc

The most important reported effects of chamomile:

Pain reliever, anthelmintic, platelet anti-adhesion, anti-allergy, anti-Alzheimer, anti-arthritis, anti-bacterial, anti-depressant, anti-edema, anti-histamine, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-fungal, anti-fever, antiseptic, anti-spasm, anti-inflammatory Ulcer, anti-virus, anti-flatulent, CNS depressant, laxative, diaphoretic, digestive, nauseating, amenorrhoeic, expectorant, stomach protector, liver protector, blood pressure reducer, immune stimulant, pain reliever and protection against harmful effects of radiation on the body.

Important ingredients:

Flowering branches contain 1.5-0.3% of essential oil, which contains up to 50% alpha bisabolol, bisabolol oxide, bisabolene and sesquiterpene called camazolin 2 camazolin) blue substances (color) that make up to 0.15% of essential oil. constitutes This substance is mostly produced under different conditions of essential oil extraction, including heat, and it turns the essential oil of the plant blue. Therefore, the presence and amount of camazolin and as a result the blue color of chamomile essential oil depends on the essential oil extraction conditions and sometimes this substance may not be produced in the minimum amount produced.

Other compounds of the plant include terpene lactones such as matricin and Matricariin; Flavonoids include apigenin 7 and luteolin, coumarins and Mucilages.

Description of the benefits of chamomile plant:

Topical use:

Topically anti-inflammatory

External and topical use is for the skin and mucous membrane, including for dissolving necrotic tissues, swelling and inflammation, protecting wounds and skin pimples.


In oral form, it has anti-spasmodic, anti-bloating, stomach tonic, anti-emetic, anti-diarrhea, anti-swelling, anti-worm and sedative properties.

Its main oral use is for intestinal-stomach problems, including cramps, flatulent colitis, and gastritis.


Chamomile extract is used in many cosmetic and health products such as deodorants, hair products, creams, gels, lotions, ointments and bath solutions.

Herbal Medicines:

In Germany, chamomile extract is used directly or mixed with other plants. At least 90 products containing chamomile are produced in Germany. The annual consumption rate of Germany is at least 4 thousand tons of chamomile. And the most used drugs in Germany are chamomile for intestinal-stomach problems, skin problems and as anti-inflammatory and swelling.

Method and amount of consumption:

Due to the fact that a wide variety of industrial products as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and standard health products are prepared from chamomile, it can also be consumed as an infusion for adults, for this purpose, on 2-8 grams of flower, one glass We pour boiling water and let it sit for 10-15 minutes. It is better to cover the top of the dish. After that, strain and drink. This amount can be repeated up to three times a day. It can be used in the same way for children. Only the amount of the plant is 2 grams per time and three times a day. Children can also use 0.6-2 ml once a day. It is recommended that children under three years of age do not use these products.

Topical use:

Chamomile solutions that want to be used for compresses, gargling, or washing, should have a concentration of about 3-10%; That is, we pour 100 ml of water on 10-3 grams of flowers and boil for 5-10 minutes; Then strain it and use after cooling. For the bath solution, use 5 grams per liter as mentioned. Also, use 6 grams per liter for incense; In this way, pour 1 liter of water on 6 grams of mud and boil it until steaming, and then put your face on the steam, it is better to throw a towel over your head so that the steam is not wasted. If you want to use plant extract for bath or incense, you can use a concentration of 0.8 grams per liter of alcoholic plant extract. Add 1 liter of water to 0.8 grams of alcoholic extract and use it as a bath or boil for incense.

Preparation of tea:

Consuming chamomile in cold seasons such as autumn and winter warms the body. Due to the heat of this herbal tea, it is not recommended for people who have a high body temperature.

Pour a glass of boiled water on 1-2 grams of crushed flowers, cover the head and leave for 10-15 minutes; Then strain it and eat it.